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Gecko Adhesion Bibliography

Last update Nov. 2014 by R. Fearing
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Keywords: synthetic gecko adhesion, gecko adhesive, gecko tape



  1. K. Autumn, Y. Liang, T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W.-P. Chan, T. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R.J. Full, ``Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair'', Nature, vol. 405, pp. 681-685, June 8, 2000.
  2. S. Gorb and M. Scherge, ``Biological microtribology: anisotropy in frictional forces of orthopteran attachment pads reflects the ultrastructure of a highly deformable material,'' Proc. Royal Soc. London, B., vol. 267, pp. 1239-1244, 2000.


  1. K. Autumn, M. Sitti, Y.A. Liang, A.M. Peattie, W.R. Hansen, S. Sponberg, T. Kenny, R. Fearing, J.N. Israelachvili, and R.J. Full, ``Evidence for van der Waals adhesion in gecko setae,'' Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, vol. 99, no. 19, pp. 12252-12256, September 17, 2002.
  2. A. Jagota and S.J. Bennison, ``Mechanics of Adhesion Through a Fibrillar Microstructure,'' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1140-1145, 2002.
  3. M. Sitti and R. S. Fearing, "Nanomolding based Fabrication of Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nanostructures," Proc. of the IEEE Nanotechnology Conference, pp. 137-140, Washington, DC, USA, August 2002.


  1. E. Arzt, S. Gorb, R. Spolenak, ``From micro to nano contacts in biological attachment devices,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 100, no. 19, pp. 10603-10606, 2003.
  2. D. Campolo, S.D. Jones and R. S. Fearing, ``Fabrication of Gecko foot-hair like nano structures and adhesion to random rough surfaces,'' IEEE Nano 2003 Aug 12-14, San Francisco.
  3. H. Gao, B. Ji, I.L. Jaeger, E. Arzt, and P. Fratzl, ``Materials become insensitive to flaws at nanoscale: Lessons from nature,'' Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 5597-5600, 2003. doi:10.1073/pnas.0631609100
  4. A.K. Geim, S.V. Dubonos, I.V. Grigorieva, K.S. Novoselov, A.A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, ``Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,'' Nature Materials, 1 June 2003.
  5. B.N.J. Persson, ``On the mechanism of adhesion in biological systems,'' Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 118, no. 16, 22 April 2003.
  6. B.N.J. Persson and S. Gorb, ``The effect of surface roughness on the adhesion of elastic plates with applications to biological systems,'' Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 119, no. 21, pp. 11437-11444, 2003.
  7. M. Sitti and R.S. Fearing, ``Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nano Structures for Future Wall-Climbing Robots,'' Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation 2003, pp. 1164-1170, Taipei, Taiwan, Sept. 2003.
  8. M. Sitti and R.S. Fearing, ``Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nano-Structures as Dry Adhesives,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 17, no.8, pp. 1055-1074, 2003.


  1. I. Boblan, and R. Bannasch, ``Surface profile and friction force generated by insects,'' Proc. of the First Int. Industrial Conference Bionik, p. 257-261, Duesseldorf, 2004.
  2. N. J. Glassmaker, A.Jagota, C.-Y.Hui, and J. Kim, ``Design of biomimetic fibrillar interfaces: 1. Making contact'' Jnl. Royal Society London Interface, 7 July 2004.
  3. C.-Y. Hui, N.J.Glassmaker, T.Tang and A. Jagota, ``Design of biomimetic fibrillar interfaces: 2. Mechanics of enhanced adhesion,'' Jnl. Royal Society London Interface, 7 July 2004.
  4. H. Kinoshita, I. Kuma, M. Tagawa, and N. Ohmae, ``High friction of a vertically aligned carbon-nanotube film in microtribology,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 14, pp. 2780-2781, 4 Oct. 2004.
  5. C. Majidi, R. Groff, and R. Fearing, ``Clumping and Packing of Nanohairs Manufactured by Nanocasting'' 2004 ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. IMECE2004-62142, Anaheim, CA Nov. 13-19, 2004.
  6. C. Menon, M. Murphy, and M. Sitti, ``Gecko Inspired Surface Climbing Robots,'' IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), Shenyang, China, Aug 2004.
  7. A. Peressadko and S.N. Gorb, ``When less is more: experimental evidence for tenacity enhancement by division of contact area,'' The Journal of Adhesion, vol. 80, pp. 247-261, 2004.
  8. Sato, H.; Houshi, Y.; and Shoji, S. ``Three-dimensional micro-structures consisting of high aspect ratio inclined micro-pillars fabricated by simple photolithography,'' Microsyst. Technol. 10(6-7):440-443, 2004.
  9. G. Shah, M. Sitti, "Modeling and Design of Biomimetic Adhesives Inspired by Gecko Foot-Hairs" IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), Shenyang, China, Aug 2004.
  10. T. Tong, Y. Zhao, L. Delzeit, A. Kashani, and A. Majumdar, ``Multiwalled carbon nanotube/nanofiber arrays as conductive and dry adhesive interface materials,'' Proc. of ASME Nano2004, Nano2004-46013, Sept. 22-24, 2004, Pasadena, CA.


  1. E. Cheung, M.E. Karagozler, S. Park, B. Kim, and M. Sitti, ``A New Endoscopic Microcapsule Robot using Beetle Inspired Microfibrillar Adhesives,'' Proc. 2005 IEEE/ASME Int. Conf. on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, pp. 551-5557, Monterey, CA 24-28 July 2005.
  2. A.J. Crosby, M. Hageman, and A Duncan,, Controlling Polymer Adhesion with ``Pancakes'' Langmuir, vol. 21, pp. 11738-11743, 2005.
  3. J.Y. Chung and M. K. Chaudhury, ``Roles of discontinuities in bio-inspired adhesive pads,'' Jnl. Royal Society Interface, vol. 2, pp. 55-61, 2005.
  4. Daltorio K.A., Gorb S., Peressadko A., Horchler A.D., Ritzmann R.E. and Quinn R.D. (2005) " A Robot that Climbs Walls using Micro-structured Polymer Feet," International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR), London, U.K., Sept. 13-15, 2005.
  5. P.L. Dickrell, S.B. Sinnott, D.W. Hahn, N.R. Raravikar, L.S. Schadler, P.M. Ajayan, and W.G. Sawyer, ``Frictional anisotropy of oriented carbon nanotube surfaces,'' Tribology Letters, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 59-62, Jan. 2005.
  6. H. Gao, Wang X, Yao H, Gorb S and Arzt E ``Mechanics of hierarchical adhesion structures of geckos,'' Mechanics of Materials, vol. 37, pp. 275-285, 2005.
  7. W.R. Hansen and K. Autumn, ``Evidence of self-cleaning in gecko setae,'' Proc. National Academy of Science, vol. 102, no.2, pp. 385-389, January 11, 2005.
  8. G. Huber, S.N. Gorb, R. Spolenak, and E. Arzt, ``Resolving the nanoscale adhesion of individual gecko spatulae by atomic force microscopy,'' Biology Letters, 22 March 2005 vol. 1 no. 1 pp. 2-4. doi:10.1098/rsbl:2004.0254
  9. G. Huber, H. Mantz, R. Spolenak, K. Mecke, K. Jacobs, S.N. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Evidence for capillarity contributions to gecko adhesion from single spatula nanomechanical measurements,'' Proc. National Academy of Sciences, vol. 102, no. 45, pp. 16293-16296, 2005.
  10. M. Jin, X. Feng, L. Feng, T. Sun, J. Zhai, T. Li, L. Jiang, ``Superhydrophobic Aligned Polystyrene Nanotube Films with High Adhesive Force,'' Advanced Materials, pp. 1977-1981, vol. 17, 2005.
  11. G. La Spina, C. Stefanini, A. Menciassi, and P. Dario, ``A novel technological process for fabricating micro-tips for biomimetic adhesion,'' Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 15, pp 1576-1587, 2005.
  12. C. S. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing, ``Attachment of Fiber Array Adhesive through Side Contact,'' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 98, 103521 (2005).
  13. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``A batch fabricated biomimetic dry adhesive,'' Nanotechnology, vol. 16, pp. 1159-1166, 2005.
  14. R. Spolenak, S. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Adhesion design maps for bio-inspired attachment systems,'' Acta Biomateriala, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 5-13, 2005, doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2004.08.004.
  15. R. Spolenak, S. Gorb, H. Gao, E. Artz, ``Effects of contact shape on the scaling of biological attachments,'' Proc. R. Soc. A (2005) 461, 305319 doi:10.1098/rspa.2004.1326.
  16. W. Sun, P. Neuzil, T. S. Kustandi, S. Oh, and V.D. Samper, ``The nature of the gecko lizard adhesive force,'' Biophysical Journal: Biophysical Letters,'' L14-L17, 2005.
  17. T. Tang, C-Y. Hui, and N.J. Glassmaker, ``Can a fibrillar interface be stronger and tougher than a non-fibrillar one?'' Jnl. Royal Society Interface, vol. 2, pp. 505-516, 2005.
  18. T. Tong, C. Majidi, Y. Zhao, L. Delzeit, R.E. Groff, P. Reddy, A. Majumdar, A. Kashani, and M. Meyyappan, ``Compressive properties of dense vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube arrays,'' Proc. of NANO2005, ASME Integrated Nanosystems: Design, Synthesis and Applications, Sept. 14-16, 2005 Berkeley CA.
  19. Wang. Mei, Wang, Lin ``Interaction and Simulation Analysis between the Biomimetic Gecko'' Adhesion Array and Rough Surface IEEE Int Conf Mechatronics and Automation Jul 2005
  20. B. Yurdumakan, N.R. Raravikar, P.M. Ajayan, and A. Dhinojwala, ``Synthetic gecko foot-hairs from multiwalled carbon nanotubes,'' Chemical Communications, vol. 2005, pp. 3799-3801.


  1. K. Autumn and W. Hansen, ``Ultrahydrophobicity indicates a non-adhesive default state in gecko setae,'' J. Comp. Physiol. A, vol. 192, pp. 1205-1212, 2006.
  2. K. Autumn, A. Dittmore, D. Santos, M. Spenko, and M. Cutkosky, ``Frictional Adhesion: a new angle on gecko attachment,'' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, pp. 3569-3579, 2006
  3. K. Autumn, C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, A. Dittmore, and R. Fearing, ``Effective elastic modulus of isolated gecko setal arrays,'' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, pp. 3558-3568, 2006.
  4. J. Berengueres, K. Takahashi, S. Saito, and K. Tadakuma, ``Magnetic Hair for Wall Mobility,'' IEEE/RSJ Int.Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 3934-3939, Oct 9-15, 2006, Beijing, China.
  5. J. Berengueres, M. Urago, S. Saito, K. Tadakuma, H. Meguro, ``Gecko inspired electro-static chuck,'' Robio 2006, Kunming China, Dec. 17-20, 2006.
  6. B. Bhushan, A.G. Peressadko, T.-W. Kim, `` Adhesion analysis of two-level hierarchical morphology in natural attachment systems for 'smart adhesion' '', Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 20, Number 13, 2006, pp. 1475-1491
  7. P. Choi, J.Kim, L.J. Guo, ``Fabrication of synthetic gecko tape and characterization of adhesion forces,'' 50th Int. Conf. on Electron, Ion, and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication, Baltimore, May 30-June 2, 2006.
  8. Z. Dai, M. Yu, and S. Gorb, ``Adhesion Characteristics of Polyurethane for Bionic Hairy Foot,'' Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, published on May 17, 2006
  9. K. Gjerde, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, C.H. Clausen, K.B.K. Teo, W.I. Millne, H-G. Rubahn, and P. Boggild, ``Carbon nanotube forests: a non-stick workbench for nanomanipulation,'' Nanotechnology, pp. 4917-4922, 2006.
  10. S. Gorb, M. Varenberg, A. Peressadko, and J. Tuma, ``Biomimetic mushroom-shaped fibrillar adhesive microstructure,'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, doi:10.1098/rsif.2006.0164, 2006.
  11. C-Y. Hui, L. Shen, A. Jagota, K. Autumn, ``Mechanics of anti-fouling or self-cleaning in Geckos,'' Proceedings of the Annual Adhesion Society Meeting (2006).
  12. H. E. Jeong, S. H. Lee, P. Kim, and K. Y. Suh, "Stretched Polymer Nanohairs by Nanodrawing," Nano Letters, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1508-1513, 2006.
  13. D.S. Kim, H.S. Lee, J. Lee, S. Kim, K-H. Lee, W. Moon, and T.H. Kwon, ``Replication of high-aspect-ratio nanopillar array for biomimetic gecko foot-hair prototype by UV nano embossing with anodoc aluminum oxide mold,'' Microsystem Technology, DOI 10.1007/s00542-006-0220-1, 2006.
  14. S. Kim and M. Sitti, ``Biologically inspired polymer microfibers with spatulate tips as repeatable fibrillar adhesives,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 261911, 2006.
  15. J. Kwon, E. Cheung, S. Park, and M. Sitti, "Friction Enhancement via Micro-Patterned Wet Elastomer Adhesives on Small Intestinal Surfaces," Biomedical Materials, vol. 1, pp. 216-220, 2006.
  16. C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, K. Autumn, S. Baek, B.Bush, N. Gravish, R. Maboudian, Y. Maeno, B. Schubert, M. Wilkinson, and R.S. Fearing, ``High friction from a stiff polymer using micro-fiber arrays,'' Physical Review Letters , vol. 97, no. 076103, 18 August 2006.
  17. Niederegger, S., and Gorb, S. N. ``Friction and adhesion in the tarsal and metatarsal scopulae of spiders,'' J. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural. Behav. Physiol. 192(11):1223-1232, 2006. 1
  18. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``Batch fabrication and characterization of nanostructures for enhanced adhesion,'' Current Applied Physics, vol. 6, pp. 379-383, 2006.
  19. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``Meso-scale adhesion testing of integrated micro- and nano-scale structures,'' Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 130-131, pp. 583-587, 2006.
  20. M. T. Northen, K.L. Turner, C. Greiner and E. Arzt, ``A hierarchical gecko-inspired switchable adhesive,'' Hilton Head, 2006.
  21. Peattie, A. M.; Majidi, C.; Corder, A. B.; and Full, R. J. ``Similar Elastic Modulus of Setal Keratin for Two Species of Gecko'' (abstract). Integr. Comp. Biol. 46(s1):e109, 2006.
  22. N. Ren, X. Wang, T. Mei, and H. Wang, ``Detachment Control Analysis for Nanofabricated Adhesive Mimicking Gecko Foot-Hairs,'' IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, 25-28 June 2006, pp. 267-271.
  23. N.W. Rizzo, K.H. Garner, D.J. Walls, N.M. Keiper-Hrynko, T.S. Ganzke, and D.L. Hallahan, ``Characterization of the structure and composition of gecko adhesive setae,'' J. Royal Soc. Interface, vol. 3, pp. 441-451, 2006.
  24. Schargott, M.; Popov, V. L.; and Gorb, S. ``Spring Model of Biological Attachment Pads'' J. Theor. Biol. 243(1):4853, 2006.
  25. J. Shan, T. Mei, L. Ni, S. Chen, and J. Chu, ``Fabrication and adhesive force analysis of biomimetic gecko foot-hair array,'' Proc. of the 1st IEEE Int. Conf. on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular systems, Zhuhai, China, Jan. 18-21, 2006, pp. 1546-1549.
  26. K. Takahashi, J.O.L. Berengueres, K. J. Obata, and S. Saito, ``Gecko's foot hair structure and their ability to hang from rough surfaces and move quickly,'' Int. Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, vol. 26, pp. 639-643, 2006.
  27. Y. Tian, N. Pesika, H. Zeng, K. Rosenberg, B. Zhao, P. McGuiggan, K. Autumn, and J. Israelachvili, ``Adhesion and friction in gecko toe attachment and detachment,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 103, no. 51, Dec. 19, 2006.
  28. Y.-C. Tsai, W.-P. Shih, Y.-M. Wang, L.-S. Huang, and P.-J. Shih, ``E-Beam photoresist and carbon nanotubes as biomimetic dry adhesives,'' MEMS 2006, pp. 926-929, Istanbul Turkey 22-26, Jan. 2006.
  29. Y.-C. Tsai, P.-J. Shih, T.-H. Lin, and W.-P. Shih, ``Self-cleaning efects of biomimetic dry adhesives,'' Proc. 1st IEEE Int. Conf. on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, pp. 1388-1391, Zhuhai, China 18-21 Jan. 2006.
  30. M. Varenberg, A. Peressadko, S. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Effect of real contact geometry on adhesion,'' Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 89, 121905 (2006)
  31. H. Yao and H. Gao, ``Mechanics of robust and releasable adhesion in biology: bottom up designed hierarchical structures of gecko,'' Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 54, pp. 1120-1146, 2006.
  32. E-S. Yoon, R.A. Singh, H. Kong, B. Kim, D-H. Kim, H.E. Jong, and K.Y. Suh, ``Tribological properties of bio-mimetic nano-patterned polymeric surfaces on silicon wafer,'' Tribology Letters pp. 31-37, vol. 21, no. 1, Jan. 2006.
  33. Y. Zhao, T. Tong, L. Dezeit, A. Kashani, M. Meyyapan, and A. Majumdar, ``Interfacial energy and strength of multiwalled-carbon-nanotube-based dry adhesive,'' Journal of Vacuum Science B, pp. 331-335, vol. 24, no. 1, Jan. 2006.


  1. B. Aksak, M. P. Murphy, and M. Sitti, ``Adhesion of Biologically Inspired Vertical and Angled Polymer Microfiber Arrays,'' Web Release Date: 07-Feb-2007 Langmuir, ASAP Article 10.1021/la062697t S0743-7463(06)02697-7 Link
  2. B. Aksak, M. Sitti, A. Casell, J. Li, M. Meyyappan, and P. Callen, ``Friction of partially embedded vertically aligned carbon nanofibers inside elastomers,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 061906, 2007.
  3. Autumn, K., N. Gravish, M. Wilkinson, D. Santos, M. Spenko, and M. Cutkosky. ``Frictional adhesion of natural and synthetic gecko setal arrays,'' Proceedings of the 30th annual meeting of the Adhesion Society:58-60. 2007.
  4. K. Autumn, ``Gecko adhesion: structure, function, and applications,'' MRS Bulletin, vol. 32, pp. 473-478, June 2007.
  5. K. Autumn and N. Gravish, ``Gecko adhesion: evolutionary nanotechnology,'' Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2173
  6. J. Berengueres, S. Saito and K. Tadakuma, ``Structural properties of a scaled gecko foot-hair,'' Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, p. 1-8, vol. 2, 2007.
  7. B. Bhushan and R. A. Sayer, ``Surface characterization and friction of a bio-inspired reversible adhesive tape,'' Microsystem Technologies, pp. 71-78, Vol. 13, no. 1, January, 2007.
  8. B. Bhushan R. Sayer, ``Gecko Feet: Natural Attachment Systems for Smart Adhesion,'' Applied Scanning Probe Methods Vol. VII - Biomimetics and Industrial Applications, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2007, pp. 41-76.
  9. B. Bhushan, ``Adhesion of multi-level hierarchical attachment systems in gecko feet,'' J. Adhesion Sci. Technol., Vol. 21, No. 12-13, pp. 1213-1258 (2007).
  10. E.P. Chan, C. Greiner, E. Arzt, and A.J. Crosby, ``Designing model systems for enhanced adhesion,'' MRS Bulletin, vol. 32, pp. 496-503, June 2007.
  11. S. Chen and A. K. Soh, ``Tuning the geometrical parameters of biomimetic fibrillar structures to enhance adhesion,'' Journal of the Royal Society Interface, doi: 10.1098/rsif.2007.1121.
  12. A. del Campo and E. Arzt, ``Design parameters and current fabrication approaches for developing bioinspired dry adhesives,'' Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 7, pp. 118-127, 2007.
  13. A. del Campo, C. Greiner, and E. Arzt, ``Contact shape controls adhesion of bioinspired fibrillar surfaces,'' Langmuir, ASAP Article 10.1021/la7010502 S0743-7463(70)01050-8 Aug. 28, 2007.
  14. del Campo, A., and Greiner, C. ``SU-8: a photoresist for high-aspect-ratio and 3D submicron lithography.'' J. Micromech. Microeng. 17(6):R81-R95, 2007.
  15. A. del Campo, C. Greiner, I. Alvarez, and E. Arzt, ``Patterned surfaces with pillars with controlled 3D tip geometry mimicking bioattachment devices,'' Advanced Materials, vol. 19, pp. 1973-1977, 2007.
  16. L. Ge, S. Sethi, L. Ci, P.M. Ajayan, and A. Dhinojwala, ``Carbon nanotube-based synthetic gecko tapes,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, June 19, 2007, 10.1073/pnas.0703505104.
  17. N.J. Glassmaker. A. Jagota, C.Y. Hui, W.L. Noderer, and M.K. Chaudhury, ``Biologically inspired crack trapping for enhanced adhesion,'' Proc. National Academy of Sciences, vol. 104, no. 26, pp. 10786-10791, 26 June 2007.
  18. Gorb, S.N.; Varenberg, M. ``Mushroom-shaped geometry of contact elements in biological adhesive systems'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1175-1183, 2007. pp. 1175-1183(9)
  19. S.N. Gorb, M. Sinha, A. Peressadko, K.A. Daltorio and R.D. Quinn, ``Insects did it first: a micropatterned adhesive tape for robotic applications,'' Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, S117-S225, 2007.
  20. N. Gravish, M. Wilkinson, and K. Autumn. ``Frictional and elastic energy in gecko adhesive detachment,'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 2008, vo. 5, pp. 339, DOI:10.1098/rsif.2007.1077
  21. C. Greiner, A.D. Campo, E. Arzt, ``Adhesion of bioinspired micropatterned surfaces: effects of pillar radius, aspect ratio, and preload,'' Langmuir, Vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 3495-502, Mar. 2007.
  22. G.C. Hill, D.R. Soto, S.J. Lue, A.M. Peattie, R.J. Full, and T.W. Kenny, ``Investigating the role of orientation angle on gecko setae adhesion using a dual-axis MEMS force sensor,'' 14th Int. Conf. on Solid State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Transducers and Eurosensors 2007, pp. 2263-2266, Lyon France, June 10-14, 2007.
  23. Hui, C-Y.; Jagota, A.; Shen, L.; Rajan, A.; Glassmaker, N.; Tang, T., ``Design of bio-inspired fibrillar interfaces for contact and adhesion theory and experiments,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1259-1280, 2007.
  24. G. Huber, S.N. Gorb, N. Hosoda, R. Spolenak, E. Arzt, ``Influence of surface roughness on gecko adhesion,'' Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 3, pp. 607-610, 2007.
  25. S. Kim and M. Sitti, C.Y. Hui, and R. Long, A. Jagota, ``Effect of backing layer thickness on adhesion of single-level elastomer fiber arrays,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 161905, 2007.
  26. S. Kim, B. Aksak, and M. Sitti, ``Enhanced friction of elastomer microfiber adhesives with spatulate tips,'' Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221913 (2007); DOI:10.1063/1.2820755
  27. T.W. Kim and B. Bhushan, ``Adhesion analysis of multi-level hierarchical attachment system contacting with a rough surface,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1-20, 2007.
  28. T.W. Kim and and B. Bhushan, "Effect of Stiffness of Multi-Level Hierarchical Attachment System on Adhesion Enhancement," Ultramicroscopy doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2006.11.008, 2007.
  29. T.W. Kim and B. Bhushan, ``The adhesion model considering capillarity for gecko attachment system ,'' Journal of the Royal Society Interface, doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1078.
  30. T.W. Kim, and B. Bhushan, ``Optimization of Biomimetic Attachment System Contacting with a Rough Surface,'' Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, pp. 1003-1012, 2 July 2007.
  31. T.S. Kustandi, V.D. Samper, D.K. Yi, W.S. Ng, P. Neuzil, P. and W. Sun, ``Self-assembled nanoparticles based fabrication of gecko foot-hair-inspired polymer nanofibers,'' Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 17, pp. 2211-2218, August 2007.
  32. T. S. Kustandi, V. D. Samper, W. S. Ng, A. S. Chong and H. Gao, ``Fabrication of a gecko-like hierarchical fibril array using a bonded porous alumina template,'' J. Micromech. Microeng. vol. 17 pp. N75-N81, 2007.
  33. Lamblet, M.; Verneuil, E.; Vilmin, T.; Buguin, A.; Silberzan, P.; and Leger, L. ``Adhesion Enhancement through Micropatterning at Polydimethylsiloxane-Acrylic Adhesive Interfaces,'' Langmuir 23(13):6966-6974, 2007. 6974.
  34. C. Majidi, ``Remarks on formulating an adhesion problem using Eulers elastica,'' Mechanics Research Communications, vol. 34, pp. 85-90, 2007.
  35. C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing, ``Analysis for Shaft-loaded Membrane Delamination using Stationary Principles'' Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids, January 2007, 1081286506068823.
  36. Murphy, M. P.; Aksak, B.; Sitti, Metin ``Adhesion and anisotropic friction enhancements of angled heterogeneous micro-fiber arrays with spherical and spatula tips,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1281-1296, 2007.
  37. W.L. Noderer, L. Shen, S. Vajpayee, N.J. Glassmaker, A. Jagota, and C.-Y. Hui, ``Enhanced adhesion and compliance of film-terminated fibrillar surfaces,'' Proc. Royal Soc. A, vol. 463, pp. 2631-2654, 2007.
  38. A.M. Peattie and R.J. Full, ``Phylogenetic analysis of the scaling of wet and dry biological fibrillar adhesives,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 104, no. 47, pp. 18595-18600, Nov. 20, 2007.
  39. A. M. Peattie, C. Majidi, A. Corder, R. J. Full ``Ancestrally high elastic modulus of gecko setal beta-keratin,'' J. Royal Society Interface, Volume 4, Number 17 / December 22, 2007.
  40. B.N.J. Persson, ``Biological adhesion for locomotion: basic principles'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1145-1173, 2007.
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  42. L Xue, A Kovalev, F Thole, GT Rengarajan, ``Tailoring Normal Adhesion of Arrays of Thermoplastic, Spring-like Polymer Nanorods by Shaping Nanorod Tips,'' Langmuir, 28 (29), pp 10781-10788, June 2012.
    link DOI: 10.1021/la3020354
  43. S.Y. Yang , Andrew Carlson , Huanyu Cheng , Qingmin Yu , Numair Ahmed , Jian Wu , Seok Kim , Metin Sitti , Placid M. Ferreira , Yonggang Huang , and John A. Rogers, ``Elastomer Surfaces with Directionally Dependent Adhesion Strength and Their Use in Transfer Printing with Continuous Roll-to-Roll Applications,'' Adv. Mater. 2012, 24, 2117-2122,
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  44. J. Yu, S. Chary, S. Das, J. Tamelier, K.L. Turner, and J. N. Israelachvili, ``Friction and Adhesion of Gecko-Inspired PDMS Flaps on Rough Surfaces,'' Langmuir, 2012, 28, pp. 11527-11534,
  45. C. Zhang, J. Zhou, D. Sameoto, X. Zhang, Y. Li, C. Menon, B.D. Gates, ``Determining adhesion of nonuniform arrays of fibrils,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 2012.
  46. T. Zhang, Z. Zhang, K-S. Kim, and H. Gao, ``An accordion model integrating self-cleaning, strong attachment and easy detachment functionalities of gecko adhesion,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 2012
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  1. Ahmadi S and Menon C (2013) ``A New Model for Predicting Fiber Clumping Phenomenon in Bio-Inspired Dry Adhesives,'' Journal of Adhesion,
    link DOI:10.1080/00218464.2013.768946
  2. Sathya Chary, John Tamelier and Kimberly Turner, ``A microfabricated gecko-inspired controllable and reusable dry adhesive,'' Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 025013, 2013.
  3. Chary, S.; Tamelier, J.; Turner, K.L., "Articulation of angled semicircular microfibers for a gecko-inspired anisotropic adhesive," IEEE Int. Conf. on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), pp.401,404, 20-24 Jan. 2013
    dcaoi: 10.1109/MEMSYS.2013.6474263
  4. Chen, Chi-Mon and Chiang, Chang-Lung and Lai, Chien-Lin and Xie, Tao and Yang, Shu, ``Buckling-Based Strong Dry Adhesives Via Interlocking,'' Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23, no. 30, 2013. link ,
    DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201300052
  5. Cui, Yanbin;Ju, Yang;Xu, Baiyao;Wang, Peng;Kojima, Naoki;Ichioka, Kazuma; Hosoi, Atsushi; ``Mimicking a gecko's foot with strong adhesive strength based on a spinnable vertically aligned carbon nanotube array,'' RSC Adv., 2014,4, 9056-9060 link DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46113K
  6. Saurabh Das, Sathya Chary, Jing Yu, John Tamelier, Kimberly L. Turner, and Jacob N. Israelachvil, ``JKR theory for the stick-slip peeling and adhesion hysteresis of gecko mimetic patterned surfaces with a smooth glass surface,'' Langmuir just accepted 5 Nov. 2013. link DOI: 10.1021/la403420f
  7. Day P, Eason EV, Esparza N, Christensen D, Cutkosky M. ``Microwedge Machining for the Manufacture of Directional Dry Adhesives,'' ASME. J. Micro Nano-Manuf. 2013;1(1):011001-011001-10. doi:10.1115/1.4023161.
  8. J.P. Diaz Tellez, S Harirchian-Saei, Y Li and C Menon, ``Adhesion enhancement of biomimetic dry adhesives by nanoparticle in situ synthesis ,'' Smart Materials and Structures Volume 22 Number 10, link doi:10.1088/0964-1726/22/10/105031
  9. E.V. Eason, N. Esparza, D. Christensen, M. Cutkosky, ``Micro-Wedge machining for the manufacture of directional dry adhesives,'' Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, 2013.
  10. Andrew G. Gillies, Jonghun Kwak, Ronald S. Fearing, ``Controllable particle adhesion with a magnetically actuated synthetic gecko adhesive'' Advanced Functional Materials, 7 Feb. 2013.
    link DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201203122
  11. A. G. Gillies, J. Puthoff, M.J. Cohen, K. Autumn, and R. S. Fearing, ``Dry Self-Cleaning Properties of Hard and Soft Fibrillar Structures,'' ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, June 2013 (just accepted) link DOI: 10.1021/am400839n
  12. A. G. Gillies, H. Lin, A. Henry, A. Ren, K. Shiuan, R. S. Fearing and Robert J. Full ``Gecko toe and lamellar shear adhesion on macroscopic, engineered rough surfaces,'' J Exp Biol, online October 10, 2013. link DOI: 10.1242/jeb.092015
  13. L.W. He, S.P. Yan, B.Q. Li, G. Zhao, J.R. Chu, ``Adhesion model of side contact for an extensible elastic fiber,'' International Journal of Solids and Structures vol. 50, no. 16-17, pp. 2659 - 2666, 2013. link DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.04.018
  14. Heepe, L., Kovalev, A. E., Filippov, A. E., Gorb, S. N. ``Adhesion Failure at 180000 Frames per Second: Direct Observation of the Detachment Process of a Mushroom-Shaped Adhesive,'' Physical Review Letters, 111(10), 104301, (2013). link
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.104301
  15. Henrey, M, Tellez, JPD, Wormnes, K, Pambaguian, L, and Menon C, ``Towards the use of mushroom-capped dry adhesives in outer space: effects of low pressure and temperature on adhesion strength,'' Aerospace Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No.1, pp. 185-190, 2013. link DOI: 10.1016/j.ast.2013.03.003
  16. Izadi, H.; Penlidis, A.; ``Polymeric Bio-inspired Dry Adhesives: Van der Waals or Electrostatic Interactions?'', Macromolecular Reaction Engineering, 2013, 7, 588-608.
  17. Izadi, H.; Sarikhani, K.; Penlidis, A.; ``Instabilities of Teflon AF Thin Films in Alumina Nanochannels and Adhesion of Bi-level Teflon AF Nanopillars,'' Nanotechnlogy, 2013, 503306.
  18. Hadi Izadi, Mehrnaz Golmakani and Alexander Penlidis, ``Enhanced adhesion and friction by electrostatic interactions of double-level Teflon nanopillars,'' Soft Matter, 2013,9, 1985-1996 link DOI: 10.1039/C2SM27329B
  19. Haytam Kasem and Michael Varenberg, ``Effect of counterface roughness on adhesion of mushroom-shaped microstructure,'' J. R. Soc. Interface 6 October 2013 vol. 10 no. 87 20130620, link doi: 10.1098/.rsif.2013.0620
  20. Walid Bin Khaled and Dan Sameoto, ``Anisotropic dry adhesive via cap defects,'' Bioinspir. Biomim. 8 (2013) 044002, link DOI: doi:10.1088/1748-3182/8/4/044002
  21. Yongkwan Kim, Robert K. Claus, Francesca Limanto, Ronald S. Fearing, and Roya Maboudian, ``Friction Characteristics of Polymeric Nanofiber Arrays against Substrates with Tailored Geometry,'' Langmuir June 2013. link DOI: 10.1021/la400641a
  22. J. Krahn and C. Menon, ``Dry adhesives with sensing features ,'' Smart Materials and Structures Volume 22 Number 8, 2013. link DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/22/8/085010
  23. J. Krahn and C. Menon, ``Characterization of Dry Adhesives Fabricated Using a Novel Mass Production Manufacturing Technique,'' Macromolecular Reaction Engineering no. 1862-8338, 2013. link DOI: 10.1002/mren.201300111
  24. Krahn, JM, Pattantyus-Abraham, AG, Menon, C, ``Polymeric electro-dry-adhesives for use on conducting surfaces,'' Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 2013. link doi:10.1177/1464420713509376
  25. Li, Yasong; Zhang, Cheng; Zhou, James H.-W.; Menon, Carlo; Gates, Byron D., ``Measuring Shear-Induced Adhesion of Gecko-Inspired Fibrillar Arrays Using Scanning Probe Techniques,'' Macromolecular Reaction Engineering, no. 1862-8338, 2013
    link DOI: 10.1002/mren.201300113
  26. Manuel L.B. Palacio, Bharat Bhushan, Scott R. Schricker, ``Gecko-inspired fibril nanostructures for reversible adhesion in biomedical applications,'' Materials Letters, Vol. 92, 1 February 2013, pp. 409-412
  27. Pattantyus-Abraham, AG, Krahn, JM, Menon, C (2013) ``Recent advances in nanostructured biomimetic dry adhesives,'' Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, doi:10.3389/fbioe.2013.00022
  28. Marco Piccardo, Antoine Chateauminois, Christian Fretigny, Nicola M. Pugno, and Metin Sitti, ``Contact compliance effects in the frictional response of bioinspired fibrillar adhesives,'' J. R. Soc. Interface June 6, 2013 10 83 20130182; link doi:10.1098/rsif.2013.0182 1742-5662
  29. Puglisi, G. and Truskinovsky, L., ``Cohesion-decohesion asymmetry in geckos,'' Phys. Rev. E, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 032714, Mar. 2013.
    link DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.032714
  30. J. B. Puthoff, M. Holbrook, M. J. Wilkinson, K. Jin, N. S. Pesika and K. Autumn, ``Dynamic friction in natural and synthetic gecko setal arrays,'' Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 4855-4863
  31. I. Rodriguez, C. T. Lim, S. Natarajan, A. Y. Y. Ho, E. L. Van, N. Elmouelhi, H. Y. Low, M. Vyakarnam, K. Cooper, ``Shear Adhesion Strength of Gecko Inspired Tapes on Surfaces with Variable Roughness,'' The Journal of Adhesion , March 2013,
    link DOI: 10.1080/00218464.2013.767198
  32. Roger A. Sauer, Matthias Holl, ``A detailed 3D finite element analysis of the peeling behaviour of a gecko spatula,''Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Vol. 16, no. 6, 2013. link DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2011.628944
  33. A. Y. Stark, I. Badge, N. A. Wucinich, T. W. Sullivan, P. H. Niewiarowski, and A. Dhinojwala, ``Surface wettability plays a significant role in gecko adhesion underwater,'' PNAS 2013 110 (16) 6340-6345; April 1, 2013, link doi:10.1073/pnas.1219317110
  34. John Tamelier, Sathya Chary, and Kimberly L. Turner ``Importance of Loading and Unloading Procedures for Gecko-Inspired Controllable Adhesives,'' Langmuir 2013 29 (34), 10881-10890 link DOI: 10.1021/la400835n
  35. Yu Tian, Jin Wan, Noshir Pesika and Ming Zhou, ``Bridging nanocontacts to macroscale gecko adhesion by sliding soft lamellar skin supported setal array'' Scientific Reports 3, no. 1382, 5 March 2013.
    link doi:10.1038/srep01382
  36. Tomelie, J.; Chary, S.; Turner, K.L., "Optimal articulation strategy for a microfabricated gecko-inspired controllable adhesive," Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, Transducers & Eurosensors XXVII. pp.1923,1926, 16-20 June 2013
    link DOI: 10.1109/Transducers.2013.6627169
  37. Peng Zhang, Shiyuan Liu, and Hao Lv, ``Fabrication and Properties of Dual-Level Hierarchical Structures Mimicking Gecko Foot Hairs,'' Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 13, Number 2, February 2013 , pp. 781-786(6)
    link DOI:
  38. Ming Zhou, Noshir Pesika, Hongbo Zeng, Yu Tian, Jacob Israelachvili, ``Recent advances in gecko adhesion and friction mechanisms and development of gecko-inspired dry adhesive surfaces,'' Friction June 2013, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 114-129 link DOI:10.1007/s40544-013-0011-5
  39. Ming Zhou, Yu Tian, Dan Sameoto, Xiangjun Zhang, Yonggang Meng, and Shizhu Wen, ``Controllable Interfacial Adhesion Applied to Transfer Light and Fragile Objects by Using Gecko Inspired Mushroom-Shaped Pillar Surface,'' ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013 5 (20), 10137-10144, link DOI:10.1021/am402815x


  1. Uyiosa A. Abusomwan, and Metin Sitti, ``Mechanics of Load-Drag-Unload Contact Cleaning of Gecko- Inspired Fibrillar Adhesives,'' Langmuir, 2014 30 (40), pp. 11913-11918. link DOI: 10.1021/la5022998
  2. Aksak, Burak, Korhan Sahin, and Metin Sitti. ``The optimal shape of elastomer mushroom-like fibers for high and robust adhesion,'' Beilstein journal of nanotechnology 5, no. 1 (2014): 630-638.
  3. Kellar Autumn, Peter H. Niewiarowski and Jonathan B. Puthoff, ``Gecko Adhesion as a Model System for Integrative Biology, Interdisciplinary Science, and Bioinspired Engineering,'' Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 45: 445-470, link DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-120213-091839
  4. Bovero E, and Menon C, Enhancing dry adhesives and replica molding with Ethyl Cyano-Acrylate, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol.23, No.8, 2014.
  5. Andrew G. Gillies and Ronald S. Fearing, ``Simulation of synthetic gecko arrays shearing on rough surfaces,'' J. R. Soc. Interface, published 2 April 2014. link DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2014.0021
  6. Hawkes, Elliot W., Eric V. Eason, David L. Christensen, and Mark R. Cutkosky. ``Human climbing with efficiently scaled gecko-inspired dry adhesivesm'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface 12, no. 102 (2015): 20140675. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2014.0675.
  7. L.W. He S.P. Yan and J.R. Chu, ``Directional adhesion of gecko-inspired two-level fibrillar structures,'' European ournal of Mechanics - A/Solids, vol. 47, Sept-Oct. 2014, Pages 246-253. link DOI: 10.1016/j.euromechsol.2014.05.001
  8. L. Heepe, G. Carbone, E. Pierro, A. E. Kovalev and S. N. Gorb, ``Adhesion tilt-tolerance in bio-inspired mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructure,'' Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 011906 (2014) link DOI:10.1063/1.4860991
  9. Lars Heepe and Stanislav Gorb, ``Biologically Inspired Mushroom-Shaped Adhesive Microstructures,'' Annual Review of Materials Research 2014, 44, published online DOI:10.1146/annurev-matsci-062910-100458
  10. Henrey M, Ahmed A, Boscariol P, Shannon L, and Menon C (2014) Abigaille-III: A Versatile, Bioinspired Hexapod for Scaling Smooth Vertical Surfaces, Journal of Bionic Engineering, Vol. 11, No.1, pp.1-17 link
  11. Hu, Congcong and Alex Greaney, P., ``Role of seta angle and flexibility in the gecko adhesion mechanism,'' Journal of Applied Physics, 116, 074302 (2014),
  12. Hu, Hong, Hongmiao Tian, Xiangming Li, Jinyou Shao, Yucheng Ding, Hongzhong Liu, and Ningli An. ``Biomimetic mushroom-shaped microfibers for dry adhesives by electrically induced polymer deformation.'' ACS applied materials & interfaces 6, no. 16 (2014): 14167-14173.
  13. Hadi Izadi, Katherine M. E. Stewart, and Alexander Penlidis, ``Role of contact electrification and electrostatic interactions in gecko adhesion,'' J R Soc Interface 2014 11: 20140371. link
  14. Jaeyoung Jeong, Juho Kim, Kwangsun Song, Kellar Autumn, and Jongho Lee ``Geckoprinting: assembly of microelectronic devices on unconventional surfaces by transfer printing with isolated gecko setal arrays'' J. R. Soc. Interface 6 October 2014 vol. 11 no. 99 20140627 link doi: 10.1098/rsif.2014.0627
  15. Li, Y, Ng, HW, Gates, BD, and Menon C (2014) ``Material versatility using replica molding for large-scale fabrication of high aspect-ratio, high density arrays of nano-pillars,'' Nanotechnology, Vol. 25 No. 28, 2014. link doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/28/285303
  16. Y. Menguc, M. Roehrig, U. Abusomwan, H. Hoelscher, and M. Sitti, ``Staying sticky: contact self-cleaning of gecko-inspired adhesives,'' J. R. Soc. Interface 6 May 2014 vol. 11 no. 94 20131205, 19 February 2014 doi: 10.1098/.rsif.2013.1205
  17. Zhuxia Rong, Yanmin Zhou, Bingan Chen, John Robertson, Walter Federle, Stephan Hofmann, Ullrich Steiner and Pola Goldberg-Oppenheimer, ``Bio-Inspired Hierarchical Polymer Fiber-Carbon Nanotube Adhesives,'' Advanced Materials Volume 26, Issue 9, pages 1456-1461, March 5, 2014.
  18. Donald Ruffatto III, Aaron Parness, and Matthew Spenko, ``Improving controllable adhesion on both rough and smooth surfaces with a hybrid electrostatic/gecko-like adhesive,'' J. R. Soc. Interface 6 April 2014 vol. 11 no. 93 20131089 link doi: 10.1098/.rsif.2013.1089
  19. Sariola, V., Sitti, M. (2014). ``Mechanically Switchable Elastomeric Microfibrillar Adhesive Surfaces for Transfer Printing,'' Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 1: 1300159. doi:10.1002/admi.201300159
  20. Seungwan Seo, Jehong Lee, Kwang-Seop Kim, Kwang Hee Ko, Jong Hyun Lee, and Jongho Lee, ``Anisotropic Adhesion of Micropillars with Spatula Pads,'' ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014 6 (3), 1345-1350. link
  21. Soltannia B., Sameoto D., Strong, ``Reversible Underwater Adhesion via Gecko-Inspired Hydrophobic Fibers,'' ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 12/2014; 6(24):21995-22003. link DOI: 10.1021/am5075375
  22. Sukho Song, Carmel Majidi, and Metin Sitti, ``GeckoGripper: A Soft , Inflatable Robotic Gripper using Gecko-Inspired Elastomer Micro-Fiber Adhesives,'' IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, September 14-18, 2014, Chicago, IL, USA.
  23. Song, S. and Sitti, M. (2014), ``Soft Grippers Using Micro-fibrillar Adhesives for Transfer Printing,'' Adv. Mater., 26: 4901-4906. doi:10.1002/adma.201400630
  24. Tannouri, P, Arafeh, KM, Krahn, JM, Beaupré, SL, Menon, C and Branda, NR, ``A Photoresponsive Biomimetic Dry-Adhesive Based on Doped PDMS Micro-Structures,'' ACS Chemistry of Materials, 2014.
    DOI: 10.1021/cm502222c
  25. Yue Wang, Hong Hu, Jinyou Shao, and Yucheng Ding, ``Fabrication of Well-Defined Mushroom-Shaped Structures for Biomimetic Dry Adhesive by Conventional Photolithography and Molding,'' ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014 6 (4), 2213-2218.
    DOI: 10.1021/am4052393
  26. Byungsuk Yoo, Sungbum Cho, Seungwan Seo, and Jongho Lee, ``Elastomeric Angled Microflaps with Reversible Adhesion for Transfer-Printing Semiconductor Membranes onto Dry Surfaces,'' ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Oct. 2014.
    DOI: 10.1021/am505286b
  27. Zhang, Cheng, James H-W. Zhou, Dan Sameoto, Xin Zhang, Yasong Li, Him Wai Ng, Carlo Menon, and Byron D. Gates. ``Determining adhesion of nonuniform arrays of fibrils.'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 28, no. 3-4 (2014): 320-336. DOI: 10.1080/01694243.2012.691810
  28. Yanmin Zhou, Adam Robinson, Ullrich Steiner and Walter Federle, ``Insect adhesion on rough surfaces: analysis of adhesive contact of smooth and hairy pads on transparent microstructured substrates,'' J. R. Soc. Interface 6 September 2014 vol. 11 no. 98 20140499 link DOI:10.1098/rsif.2014.0499


  1. Bovero, E., Krahn, J., Menon, C., ``Fabrication and Testing of Self Cleaning Dry Adhesives Utilizing Hydrophobicity Gradient,'' Journal of Bionic Engineering volume 12, issue 2, year 2015, pp. 270 - 275 doi:10.1016/S1672-6529(14)60119-0 link
  2. Das, S., Cadirov, N., Chary, S., Kaufman, Y., Hogan, J., Turner, K.L., and Israelachvili, J.N., ``Stick-slip friction of gecko-mimetic flaps on smooth and rough surfaces'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, Jan. 14, 2015. DOI:10.1098/rsif.2014.1346
  3. Eason, E.V., Hawkes, E.W., Windheim, M., Christensen, D.L., Libby, T. and Cutkosky, M.R., ``Stress distribution and contact area measurements of a gecko toe using a high-resolution tactile sensor,'' Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, vol. 10, no. 1, 016013, February 2015. DOI:10.1088/1748-3190/10/1/016013
  4. Hawkes, E.W., Christensen, D.L., Han, A.K., Jiang, H. and Cutkosky, M.R., ``Grasping without Squeezing: Shear Adhesion Gripper with Fibrillar Thin Film,'' IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Seattle, May 26-30, 2015.
  5. Hawkes, Elliot W., David L. Christensen, and Mark R. Cutkosky, ``Vertical Dry Adhesive Climbing with a 100x Bodyweight Payload,'' IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Seattle, May 26-30, 2015.
  6. Elliot W. Hawkes, Hao Jiang, and Mark R. Cutkosky ``Three-dimensional dynamic surface grasping with dry adhesion,'' The International Journal of Robotics Research, 0278364915584645, June 29, 2015 doi:10.1177/0278364915584645
  7. Jiang, H., Hawkes, E.W., Arutyunov, V., Tims, J., Fuller, C., King, J.P., Seubert, C., Chang, H.L., Parness, A., and Cutkosky, M.R., ``Scaling Controllable Adhesives to Grapple Floating Objects in Space,'' IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Seattle, May 26-30, 2015.
  8. Jeffrey Krahn, Enrico Bovero, and Carlo Menon, ``Magnetic Field Switchable Dry Adhesives,'' ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, 7 (4), pp 2214-2222, DOI: 10.1021/am505140f
  9. Yang Li , Hao Zhang , Yagang Yao , Taotao Li , Yongyi Zhang , Qingwen Li and zhendong Dai, ``Transfer of vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays onto flexible substrates for gecko-inspired dry adhesive application,'' RSC Adv., 2015, DOI: 10.1039/C5RA06206C link
  10. Li, Y., Zhou, J. H. W., Zhang, C., Menon, C., and Gates, B. D. ``Harnessing tunable scanning probe techniques to measure shear enhanced adhesion of gecko-inspired fibrillar arrays,'' ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, 7 (4), pp 2340-2348 DOI: 10.1021/am506739q
  11. Marvi, H. and Han, Y. and Sitti, M., ``Actively controlled fibrillar friction surfaces,'' Applied Physics Letters, 106, 051602 (2015), DOI:10.1063/1.4907255 link
  12. Yue Wang, Xiangming Li, Hongmiao Tian, Hong Hu, Yu Tian, Jinyou Shao, Yucheng Ding, ``Rectangle-capped and tilted micropillar array for enhanced anisotropic anti-shearing in biomimetic adhesion,'' J. R. Soc. Interface 2015 12 20150090; DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2015.0090.
  13. A. Wasay and D. Sameoto, ``Gecko gaskets for self-sealing and high-strength reversible bonding of microfluidics,'' Lab on a Chip, 2015, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C5LC00342C

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